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Government-Paid Paternity Benefit (GPPB) and Government-Paid Adoption Benefit (GPAB)

Some working fathers and adoptive mothers may not qualify for paternity or adoption leave due to their employment arrangements. For example, they may be on short-term employment contracts, or employment contracts that expired before the birth or adoption of their child. To better support this group of parents, the Government will be introducing the Government-Paid Paternity Benefit (GPPB) and Government-Paid Adoption Benefit (GPAB), which is similar to the existing Government-Paid Maternity Benefit.

This will apply to parents whose children’s date of birth, estimated date of delivery (EDD) or formal intent to adopt (FIA) is on or after 1 January 2021. Eligible parents may start applying from December 2021. More details related to the schemes, such as the application process, will be published closer to date on this website and profamilyleave.gov.sg. Scroll down to read more about the scheme and eligibility criteria.

The GPPB and GPAB are cash benefits given in lieu of paid leave, for working fathers and adoptive mothers.

  • GPPB will be equivalent to 2 weeks of Government-Paid Paternity Leave (GPPL), based on the birth or adoptive father’s average income earned over the 12-month period preceding child’s date of birth or formal intent to adopt (FIA)* .
  • GPAB will be equivalent to 8 weeks of Adoption Leave for Mothers (AL) for the 1st and 2nd child order, and 12 weeks for the 3rd and subsequent child order, based on the adoptive mother’s average income earned over the 12-month period preceding the FIA .

*For adopted Singapore Citizen children, the formal intent to adopt (FIA) is the date when an application to adopt is submitted to Court. For adopted foreign children, the FIA is the date when the Dependent’s Pass (DP) in respect of the child is issued or a document indicating the application for the DP has been approved.

You are eligible if the following conditions are met:

1. Your child’s date of birth, EDD or FIA is on or after 1 January 2021;
2. You have been in employment or self-employment for a total of at least 90 days in the 12 months preceding your child’s birth or the formal intent to adopt your child;
3. You do not qualify for the GPPL and AL schemes;
4. For natural fathers:

  • Your child is a Singapore Citizen1; and
  • You are/were lawfully married to the child’s mother at a point in time between conception and birth2.

5. For adoptive parents:

  • The child is less than 12 months old at point of FIA;
  • You are not the natural parent of the child;
  • Your child must be adopted within 1 year from the date of FIA; and
  • Your child is a Singapore Citizen. Where the child is not a Singapore Citizen, one of the adoptive parents must be a Singapore Citizen on the date of FIA and the adopted child must obtain Singapore Citizenship within 6 months after the Adoption Order is passed (inclusive of Adoption order date).


1If your child is not a Singapore Citizen at birth, you can be eligible if your child obtains Singapore Citizenship within 12 months from your child’s date of birth (inclusive of date of birth).
2You can be eligible if you are legally married to the child’s mother within 12 months from your child's date of birth (inclusive of date of birth).

  • 1. When will GPPB/GPAB take effect? How do parents apply for it?

    For GPPB, fathers of Singapore Citizen children born or with an estimated delivery date or a formal intent to adopt on or after  1 January 2021, and who meet the criteria, will be eligible for this enhancement. For GPAB, adoptive mothers with formal intent to adopt a Singapore Citizen child on or after 1 January 2021 who meet the criteria will be eligible.

    Eligible parents will be able to apply for GPPB/GPAB from December 2021. We encourage parents who may be eligible to submit their applications only when the system is in operation, to avoid having to submit supporting documents twice. More details on the eligibility criteria and how to apply will be published on www.profamilyleave.gov.sg and www.madeforfamilies.gov.sg.

  • 2. Do non-Singaporeans qualify for GPPB/GPAB?

    While the GPPB/ GPAB schemes are aimed at supporting Singaporeans in their parenthood journey, non-Singaporean parents whose children are Singapore Citizens, and who meet the other eligibility criteria, will be able to qualify for the GPPB/GPAB.

  • 3. What is the difference between Government-Paid Paternity Leave (GPPL) and GPPB?

    GPPL is granted to fathers who have been in employment or self-employment for at least 3 months immediately preceding the child’s date of birth. Fathers eligible for GPPL will receive 2 weeks of paternity leave. 

    GPPB is granted to economically active fathers who do not meet the eligibility criterion of having served an employer or being self-employed for at least 3 continuous months immediately preceding the child’s date of birth and thus do not qualify for GPPL. Instead, GPPB is granted if fathers have worked a total of 90 days in the 12 months preceding the child’s date of birth, to take into account the possibility that employment contracts in this period could be discontinuous.

  • 4. What is the difference between Adoption Leave for Mothers (AL) and GPAB?

    AL is granted to mothers who have been in employment or self-employment for at least 3 months immediately preceding the formal intent to adopt a child. Mothers eligible for AL will receive 12 weeks of adoption leave. 

    GPAB is granted to economically active mothers who do not meet the eligibility criterion of having served an employer or being self-employed for at least 3 continuous months immediately preceding the formal intent to adopt a child and thus do not qualify for AL. Instead, GPAB is granted if adoptive mothers have worked a total of 90 days in the 12 months preceding the formal intent to adopt a child, to take into account the possibility that employment contracts in this period could be discontinuous.

  • 5. What are the eligibility criteria for Government-Paid Adoption Benefit (GPAB)?

    Working adoptive mothers who do not qualify for Adoption Leave for mothers (AL) due to their employment contracts (e.g. on short-term employment contracts, or employment contracts had expired before the adoption of their child) are eligible for GPAB if the following conditions are met:

    1. The mother’s formal intent to adopt (FIA) date is on or after 1 January 2021;

    2. The mother has been in employment or self-employment for at least 90 days in the 12 months before FIA date;

    3. The mother does not qualify for benefits under the AL scheme based on her current employment;

    4. The child is less than 12 months old at the point of FIA;

    5. The adoptive mother is not the natural mother of the child;

    6. The child is a Singapore Citizen. If the child is not a Singapore Citizen, at least one of the adoptive parents must be a Singapore Citizen;

    a. The adopted child must obtain Singapore Citizenship within 6 months after the Adoption Order is passed (inclusive of Adoption order date)*; and

    7. The child must be adopted within 1 year from the date of FIA (inclusive of FIA date)*.

    *The Government will recover payments from the mother if these criteria are not met.

    Formal intent to adopt (FIA) is the date when an application to adopt is submitted to Court (for a Singapore Citizen child), or the date when the dependant’s pass (DP) in respect of the child is issued or a document indicating the application for the DP has been approved (for a foreign child).

     

  • 6. What are the eligibility criteria for Government-Paid Paternity Benefit (GPPB)?

    Working fathers who do not qualify for Government-Paid Paternity Leave (GPPL) due to their employment contracts (e.g. on short-term employment contracts, or employment contracts had expired before the birth or adoption of their child) are eligible for GPPB if the following conditions are met:

     For Natural fathers:  

    1. The child is born, or has an estimated delivery date (EDD), on or after 1 January 2021;

    2. The father has been in employment or self-employment for at least 90 days in the 12 months before his child's date of birth;

    3. The father does not qualify for benefits under the GPPL scheme based on his current employment;

    4. The child is a Singapore Citizen;

    a. If the child is not a Singapore Citizen at birth, the father can be eligible for GPPB if the child obtains Singapore Citizenship within 12 months from his/her date of birth (inclusive of date of birth); and

    5. The father is/was lawfully married to his child's mother at some point between conception and birth;

    a. The father can be eligible for GPPB if he is legally married to the child’s mother within 12 months from his child's date of birth (inclusive of date of birth).

     

    For Adoptive fathers:

    1. The father’s formal intent to adopt (FIA) date is on or after 1 January 2021;

    2. The father has been in employment or self-employment for at least 90 days in the 12 months before FIA date;

    3. The father does not qualify for benefits under the GPPL scheme based on his current employment;

    4. The child is less than 12 months old at the point of FIA;

    5. The father is not the natural father of the child;

    6. The child is a Singapore Citizen. If the child is not a Singapore Citizen, at least one of the adoptive parents must be a Singapore Citizen;

    a. The adopted child must obtain Singapore Citizenship within 6 months after the Adoption Order is passed (inclusive of Adoption order date).*; and

    7. The child must be adopted within 1 year from the date of FIA (inclusive of FIA date).*

    *The Government will recover payments from you if these criteria are not met.

    Formal intent to adopt (FIA) is the date when an application to adopt is submitted to Court (for a Singapore Citizen child), or the date when the dependant’s pass (DP) in respect of the child is issued or a document indicating the application for the DP has been approved (for a foreign child).

  • 7. My child’s Estimated Date of Delivery (EDD) is on or after 1 Jan 2021, but my child was born before 1 Jan 2021. Am I eligible for Government-Paid Paternity Benefit (GPPB)?

    You will be eligible for Government-Paid Paternity Benefit (GPPB) if your child’s Estimated Date of Delivery (EDD) is on or after 1 January 2021 and you fulfil the eligibility criteria for GPPB.

    Please retain and submit a copy of doctor’s certification of your child’s EDD when submitting the claim. The doctor’s certification should include the following details:

    -        EDD

    -        Mother’s name and identification number

    -        Name of clinic

    -        Doctor’s signature

    Eligible parents may start applying from December 2021. More details will be released closer to the date. The information will be updated on www.profamilyleave.gov.sg and www.madeforfamilies.gov.sg

  • 8. What can be included as income for Government-Paid Paternity Benefit (GPPB) and Government-Paid Adoption Benefit (GPAB) computations?

    For employees, the monthly rate of pay (stated in the contract of service) from employment in Singapore, over the 12 months preceding the birth, estimated delivery date (EDD) or formal intent to adopt (FIA) of the child can be included for GPAB/GPPB computations.  It includes employer CPF contributions but excludes overtime payments, bonuses/annual wage supplements, reimbursement of expenses, productive incentive payments and travelling/food/housing allowances.

    For self-employed, the trade income (stated in the Notice of Assessment), over the 12 months preceding the preceding the birth, estimated delivery date (EDD) or formal intent to adopt (FIA) of the child, can be used for GPAB/GPPB computations.

     Both trade income and income from employment can be combined for GPPB/GPAB computations.

  • 9. If parents are eligible for Government-Paid Paternity Leave or Adoption Leave for Mothers, can they choose not to take the leave, and opt to get GPPB or GPAB in lieu of unconsumed leave?

    Parents who are eligible for Government-Paid Paternity Leave or Adoption Leave for Mothers, but who choose not to consume the leave, will forfeit all unconsumed leave. They will not be be able to claim GPPB or GPAB in lieu of unconsumed leave. Parents are encouraged to use their leave entitlements to care for and bond with their children.

Last Updated : 26 Feb 2021